Frank C. Worrell, Ph.D., is a Distinguished Professor at the University of California, Berkeley. His areas of expertise include at-risk youth, cultural identities, scale development, talent development, time perspective, and the translation of psychological research findings into practice. Author of over 300 scholarly works, Dr. Worrell is a Fellow of the American Educational Research Association, the Association for Psychological Science, and five divisions of the American Psychological Association (APA), and an elected member of the Society for the Study of School Psychology and the National Academy of Education. A former editor of Review of Educational Research (2012–2016), Dr. Worrell is a recipient of the Distinguished Scholar Award from the National Association for Gifted Children, the Distinguished Contributions to Research Award from Division 45 of APA, an Outstanding School Psychologist Award from the California Association of School Psychologists, the Outstanding International Psychologist Award from Division 52 of APA, the Palmarium Award in Gifted Education, the Outstanding Contributions to School Psychology Award from the Council of Directors of School Psychology Programs, and an Honorary Doctorate from Heidelberg University. He was the 2022 President of the American Psychological Association.
The importance of time in psychological functioning has been around longer than organized psychology. In 1829, James Mills included a discussion of time in his book, Analysis f the Phenomena of the Human Mind. Time is also discussed in works by James Rush in 1865 and William James in 1892. In 1939, Lawrence K. Frank wrote “all human conduct … is conditioned by the time perspectives of the individual (p. 294), and Lewin (1953) noted that an individual’s behavior does not depend entirely on present circumstances but is also dependent on expectations for the future and memories of the past. Erik Erikson (1950, 1968) also included time perspective constructs in his lifespan theory of psychosocial functioning. In this presentation, after a brief overview of the history of research on time constructs, Dr. Worrell will discuss research on time perspective constructs from the past 25 years, highlighting its growing importance in predicting adaptive and maladaptive psychological functioning.